For most of the history of psychotherapy, we had to guess how the brain really works. Until now, researchers believed that all brain development occurs before the age of 5 or more. But as we learn more about Neurology through brain imaging research and we now know that the brain continues to develop throughout our lives.
Emotional injuries tend to be caused in two ways. One is the trauma of the "T." This capital is usually single, dangerous, often life-threatening events. Abuse and natural disasters are some examples. The intensity of these events and emotions that go with them seemed to make a very strong neural pathway. You can get the best post-traumatic stress disorder counselors via online sources.
That's why the same sound, place, or sensation can trigger flashbacks and be emotionally painful, frightening, or too strong for the current situation. Another way we suffer much more subtle emotional injury – trauma with a small "t."
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Playground (or workplace) insult, frequent criticism, and lack of continuous love or support are a few examples of this type that are more common than trauma. This trauma tends to be less intense when seen as individual events, but they are often chronic.
Our response towards trauma may include intense anxiety, anger, sadness, avoidance, self-blame, low self-esteem, over-eating (drinking, shopping, work) or otherwise, evade/disrupt behavior.
Fortunately, we have a built-in mechanism for healing. Based on the latest research in EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) – the preferred treatment for trauma – the theory believes that eye movements in REM sleep help the neurons associated with trauma connected to neurons that store the new information that is more realistic and adaptive.