The chilling winds of winter whip through the harshest parts of the earth, the high altitude plateau in inner Asia. This is the time goats and other animals put on their superfine natural wear. These superfine hairs allow them to survive temperatures as low as minus 40 degrees Celsius. In spring, they shed the hair because they no longer need it. These fine, warm hairs are used to make cashmere and pashmina.
The trans-Himalayan Tibetan and Ladakh breeds of Tibet and Ladakh are notable among down-bearing goats. They are known as the Tibetan or Changthangi goat. The Yama goat of Mongolia is also prominent in this group.
Kinross Cashmere products begin with the sorting of hair, cleaning, and finally the spinning of the yarn. These are tedious hand tasks, most often performed by women in the group.
Kinross Cashmere fiber quality is determined by its fineness and length. Both will have an impact on the final product’s feel. The micron is the measurement of cashmere fiber. The standard for cashmere is between 13 and 19 microns. These fine fibers are spun into thread by spinning them. This creates a number of microscopic air pockets that give the material its incredible warmth and softness.
The beautiful, delicate cashmere scarf/shawl goes through many stages: sorter, spinner to weaver, dyer (rangrez), needle worker (rafugar), and finally the hand embroiderer. The hand-loom is still simple and basic in weaving. Shawls are woven using the throw and catch principle and a narrow boat-shaped shuttle.
Cashmere shawls are usually made from a lozenge-shaped design called chasma-bulbul (the eyes of the bulbul). In many cases, the plain weave and the twill weave are also available.